Sunday 31 March 2024

Mangalacharan 3

भवानीशंकरौ वन्दे श्रद्धाविश्वासरूपिणौ।
याभ्यां विना न पश्यन्ति सिद्धाः स्वान्तःस्थमीश्वरम्‌॥2॥

भावार्थ:-श्रद्धा और विश्वास के स्वरूप श्री पार्वतीजी और श्री शंकरजी की मैं वंदना करता हूँ, जिनके बिना सिद्धजन अपने अन्तःकरण में स्थित ईश्वर को नहीं देख सकते॥2॥ BK. Sh.2

So Goswami ji is now paying to Sri Sankar Bhagwan and Maata Parvati. To people new to Indian mythology, but aware of the complex DemiGod relationships, it may seem surprising how the son (Ganesh Ji) is prayed to before his parents. However, philosophically as well as mythologically, we are in right to do so.
Shiv Parivar

  1. Ganesh Ji was accepted as the first among peers during any sort of Puja, or ceremony. So, it is appropriate to seek his blessings.
  2. Lord Shiv and Mata Parvati have been denoted as 'Shraddha and Vishwas' literally meaning deep faith and reverence. However, one has to understand that translations can never be literal. With deep faith, there still is a probability of it going wayward. With reverence, there is still a scope to evaluate the object of reverence and at some point it is possible to lose that deep seated respect and trust. However, Shraddha and Vishwas' are not so easy to lose. They manifest after multiple stages of knowledge and bhakti
  3. Letters and language (Ganesh - Saraswati) are needed to express one's devotion to Lord Ram, but after you are blessed with knowledge and literary skill, humility and ability to express, what will one narrate if one does not revere one's hero? If there's no faith in the narrative, what's the point of the literary skill. This faith, this reverence, cannot be attained by one's own pursuits alone. 
 It is in order to be able to see and envision the Supreme God, seated deep within one's Atman, that one needs the Shraddha and the Vishwas. It is in order to seek that ultimate blessing, that Goswamiji begs to Shiv-Parvati. 

Side Note : Shivji is the Greatest Knowledgeable Devotee of Shri Ram. Mata Parvati is not just His Divine Consort but also His disciple and hence the ideal personification of reverence, trust, faith and enlightenment. It is only very natural that Goswamiji begs for their blessings as he aspires to narrate His Lord's pastimes.

© Anupama 2016


Mangalacharan 2

वर्णानामर्थसंघानां रसानां छन्दसामपि।
मंगलानां कर्त्तारौ वन्दे वाणीविनायकौ॥1

भावार्थ:-अक्षरों, अर्थ समूहों, रसों, छन्दों और मंगलों को करने वाली सरस्वतीजी और गणेशजी की मैं वंदना करता हूँ॥1॥ BK. Sh.1

The very first verse of Goswamiji's Mangalacharan offers his praises in reverence to Goddess Saraswati and Lord Ganesh.

Saraswati is not just the Goddess of wisdom, but also the Goddess of Speech. Speech is not just about some sounds being uttered, but it's about the pronunciation emanating from the 'Varna' or the sound; it is also about the meaning /s and their connotations; the feelings these words invoke; the poetry that gets created in the process and the beauty, the exalted bliss and the auspiciousness of every spoken or written word and every thought.

It is very intriguing to note that while Saraswati is the Goddess of wisdom and intelligence, She is rarely worshiped alone. Almost as a rule, She is worshiped with Lord Ganesh.

In fact there are instances in epic scriptures where the Gods and Goddesses have prayed to Saraswati to manipulate a certain human, demon or another God. While in the longer run, it always serves a larger purpose; the fact remains that it is possible to drift away from a wise choice despite intelligence.

However, Lord Ganesh is different. He is the epitome of goodness, auspiciousness and everything that is ‘Shubh’. He also happens to be the God blessed by all Demigods alike to be the first among peers. He is the first one to be worshiped in all auspicious rituals and activities.

Despite this – Sri Tulasi Das addresses Goddess Saraswati before Lord Ganesh. Or is it that the acharya is addressing both of them equally in the single phrase ‘VaniVinayakau’?

As a poet, his obvious leaning would be to the Goddess of Speech, but as a devotee he realizes that it is possible to lose humility, or focus or the clarity of thought to intelligence and so he invokes Saraswati with Ganesh in the same phrase; to ensure that his poetic Endeavor remains auspicious.

This verse indicates the importance of realizing the difference between intelligence and wisdom. Intelligence is obtained by learning and applying it, but wisdom will always need what we call 'Vivek' loosely meaning ethics. It is only when combined with the right ethics and morality that knowledge can become wisdom and lead to auspiciousness.

© Anupama 2016

Mangalacharan 1

Mangalacharan = Mangal + Acharan

Unlike the common western traditions, almost all Hindu sects that follow the Theistic tradition of thought where the Supreme Personality of the Godhead is different from us Humans, the teachers always begin with a Mangalacharan.
Mangal means aupicious and Acharan loosely means behavior. So, culturally, we are driven towards auspicious behavior. Before starting any activity, be it writing a book, or giving a talk, doing the regular – deity worship, or any other puja or ritual, Mangalacharan is something that Acharyas ensure.

It’s thus easy to understand why Goswami Tulasidas begins his poetic epic with what he thinks is auspicious behavior. Also, it’s not difficult to predict what auspicious behavior would really be. It is auspicious to be blessed by the Goddess of wisdom, by the God of Auspiciousness, by the God and Goddess that personify trust and belief and then by the very Hero and Heroine whose leela Goswamiji offers to narrate.

It is interesting to see that while the concept of ‘Mangaldoes not leave one with a lot of options for synonyms. It is a feeling that’s combined with blessing, exaltation, good, boon and so much more all combined.

It is also interesting to note that Goswamiji will repeatedly bring up the motif of Mangal through out the text. Auspicious is what auspicious does – which is Sri Goswami Maharaj’s Mangal Bhawan or Sri Ramchandra and Devi Sita.

On this note, Mangalacharan is carried out immediately after the invocations and hence Gowamiji pleads some of the most prominent deities to bless him in his endeavour to narrate his Lord’s mahakatha.

© Anupama 2016

Mangalacharan 4

  वन्दे बोधमयं नित्यं गुरुं शंकररूपिणम्‌। यमाश्रितो हि वक्रोऽपि चन्द्रः सर्वत्र वन्द्यते॥ 3 ॥ भावार्थ:-ज्ञानमय , नित्य , शंकर रूपी गुर...